|Return to Hudson Tubes Main Index|
Click a small image below and the full size image opens in the left frame
Before the Hudson Tubes, almost all railroads had their New York stations in New Jersey. The Pennsylvania Railroad's Jersey City Terminal at Exchange Place was that road's main station for New York.
Train passengers crossed the North River on numerous ferry routes. This map from the late 19th Century shows the route the first attempt at tunneling was to follow.
The 20 minute ferry crossings sometimes stretched out into an hour or longer when bad weather set in. The "Hudson Tunnel" was to give passengers a safe, reliable and comfortable crossing.
This detail-view of an H&M stock certificate presents the tubular construction from which The Tubes took their nickname.
The Tubes' planned extensions eastwards from 9th Street to the East Side IRT and northwards from 33rd Street to Grand Central Terminal [highlighted in yellow] were never completed, although the long and extremely wide IND pedestrian tunnel under Sixth Avenue from 34th to 36th Street is a vestigial remainder of the northwards extension.
An idealized view on a contemporary H&M stock certificate depicts the downtown Tubes running from Jersey City's Exchange Place on the left with the PRR terminal to the new Hudson Terminal in Manhattan on the right.
There is now a preservation campaign to save the endangered H&M Power Plant near Exchange Place. Here a drawing of the building in its original condition...
... and here in a photograph from 1999. Click here to read more.
The corporate colors of the H&M's Hudson Tubes were red and white. Here is one of the few, if not the only, original signs left. The red and white mosaic directs passengers at the 14th Street station of the 6th Avenue IND to the Tubes' 14th street station.
This interior shot of a black car shows a short lived experiment to announce the upcoming station in advance through a telegraph board. Interestingly a half century before such devices came into common use.
Sporting a new PATH emblem just after the PA takeover, K series car no. 1227 from St. Louis Car Co. travels the above ground segment west of Journal Square on its way to Hudson Terminal [NY]
New cars after the PA takeover: the interior of the PA-1 thru PA-4 series always were very similar to one another. After the rebuilding of the older series with only longitudinal seating, they probably appear exactly the same to most passengers.
Competition in New Jersey: a Public Service trolley car on the trestle running up the Palisades and providing an alternate connection between the Hoboken and Journal Square stations.
Doubledecked Flying Junction: Just leaving the river tunnel and entering under Jersey City, a tube train from the east [Manhattan] is about to start heading southwards towards the second complicated flying junction between Erie / Exchange Place / Grove Street. In the background the tower [since removed] stands atop the DL&W station in Hoboken .....
... and here a less picturesque but larger, clearer and annotated cutaway version of that junction.
This schematic is from the early 1990s but shows the layout of the underground section of the Tubes from the beginning to the present. Note the references to the 19th and 28th Street stations as well as to Hudson Terminal. [www.nycsubway.org]
This second schematic dating from after the Port Authority takeover is from Terry Kennedy's collection and gives even more detail.
A clear overview of the Tubes in 1940 [NY World's Fair]...
..... and a more detailed route map 
.... and the provisional service after the 2001 terrorist attacks on America.
The Tubes were regarded more as a railroad than just a transit system. Both the Tubes' and the first class railroads' schedules listed the Tubes as a connecting railroad. Here a New York-Chicago run. From Fallen Flag Railroads of New Jersey
Compare with the map of the Tubes' early competition in Construction History. By 1950 there were only 5-6 ferries still crossing the North River; this map ignores them and instead shows the Tubes and its vehicular tunnel competition. From Fallen Flag Railroads of New Jersey
Gallery 2: Stations
|Return to Hudson Tubes Main Index|
This page was last updated on December-17-2001 using HTMLpad.
© BKlapouchy 1987-2001