At the beginning of the Tubes' operations there were two Uptown lines to 33rd Street, one originating in Hoboken, the other at Summit Avenue (Journal Square); there were also two downtown lines to Hudson Terminal from each of those originating stations. The Journal Square downtown line usually ran on to Manhattan Transfer, Harrison and Park Place in Newark.
At Hudson Terminal the Manhattan connections via the downtown lines were with the 6th and 9th Avenue Els as well as with the new IRT subway whose Fulton Street station was about a block to the east.
The uptown lines connected at Christopher Street to the 9th Avenue El, while there were connections to the 6th Avenue El at 9th, 14th, 23rd and 33rd Streets. In Hudson County Exchange Place served the Pennsylvania Railroad; Erie tapped the New York Susquehanna & Western Railroad [which moved here from the PRR station shortly after the Tubes began operating] as well as the Erie Railroad; Hoboken connected to the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad and to many trolley routes, including an elevated route that connected Hoboken and the Heights section of Jersey City. Hoboken was also the link to several major ocean liner terminals (Hamburg-Amerika, North German Lloyd, Holland America); Manhattan Transfer handled passengers from PRR trains that were being switched from steam to electric power.
In general, the original running times through the underground sections were slightly shorter than the current running times, e.g., Hoboken to Hudson Terminal was scheduled for 9 minutes, while today that run is 11 minutes.
Today the routes - and the running times - have changed very little. There is a total of 43.1 miles of track, 13.8 miles of which make up the service mileage. The total mileage of the base routes is 20.1 miles. Of the service mileage 7.4 miles are in tunnels, while 6.4 miles are above ground with the surface route beginning between Grove Street and Journal Square stations.
To the right is a clickable sketch of general post terrorist attack service without the downtown line, also showing the Hudson Bergen trolley, several ferry and road connections. Clicking this image displays the official map of the interim service routes.
In the rush hours there is a shortened Downtown line, Journal Square<>World Trade Center. During the evenings and on weekends the Uptown and the Uptown Hoboken lines are run as one route. Trains begin at Journal Square, run to Hoboken where the train changes direction and continues through the uptown tunnel to 33rd Street: 6.7 miles in 25 minutes.
Trains normally consist of 8 cars but in the rush hours that number is at times increased.
The closest headways now are at three minutes for the downtown lines and 6 minutes for the uptown ones; the many sharp curves on the uptown lines set a practical maximum for the headways.
This page was last updated on December-15-2001 using HTMLpad.
© BKlapouchy 1987-2001